or no thought in their selection, can have a
negative effect on the viewer. Films selected with
care can increase mishap prevention awareness.
Viewers will remember what they have seen in the
films in future situations.
Continual monitoring of the mishap prevention
program at each level of responsibility will reveal
problem areas. Once the problem areas have been
recognized, further training that deals with these
areas can be carried out. This training can be
conducted at the work center or command level, as
Safety inspections must be organized on a
regular, systematic basis because unsafe conditions
are always being created. First, all things wear
out with use. Pipes corrode, cable strands break,
insulation rots away, and hand tools develop defects.
In the process, unsafe conditions are born. Secondly,
the actions of people create unsafe conditions.
Materials are occasionally left in hazardous
locations. Tools are occasionally abused and
rendered unsafe for the next person to use. Guards
are sometimes removed and not replaced. Safety
devices are sometimes made inoperative. Wherever
people work, unsafe conditions are created.
Unsafe conditions may be created through
honest ignorance, gross neglect, or deliberate action.
The result is a steady trickle of unsafe conditions
into virtually every place of work. The situation is
somewhat like a boat with a leaky bottom. Unless
the water is bailed out regularly, the boat is soon
flooded. Similarly, unless regular safety inspections
are held, most workplaces are soon flooded with
unsafe conditions. That is when mishaps begin to
Inspections are one of your most important tools
for maintaining mishap-free work conditions.
Inspections also help you ensure proper work habits
and follow job progress. Types of formal and
informal inspections include the following:
Special. Those which focus on a specific problem
Periodic. A thorough and systematic inspection
of an area on a regular basis
Continuous. A constant inspection as part of the
Intermittent. Unannounced or unscheduled
Several points should be considered when
making an inspection. Know what to look for by
knowing the job and the workers responsibilities.
Practice observation. Think about what you see
or should see. Keep an open mind at all times. Do
not be satisfied with general impressions. Guard
against habit and familiarity. Prepare and use a
checklist. Start corrective action immediately.
Inspections provide several important benefits.
They are a means of checking on the adequacy of
past training. They promote on-the-spot corrections
and develop cooperative attitudes toward mishap
prevention. They can reveal better job methods.
They make personnel aware of unsafe acts and
conditions. They can also be used to promote
awareness of hidden hazards that have become part
of the daily routine and are no longer recognized
as hazards. Inspections by outsiders can also have
many benefits. These inspectors will see habits
and other things ignored or unrecognized by the
personnel who live with the hazards on a day-to-
day basis. These outside inspections may be
conducted by personnel from another work area or
from a higher level of command, such as a squadron
staff. Informal safety surveys are also conducted
by the Naval Safety Center.
Daily informal inspections should be conducted
with the aim of discovering hazards and preventing
damage or injury. First-line supervisors should
conduct inspections during the course of the
workday on a random basis to identify hazards.
Inspections should be conducted by all levels of
management, formally and informally. Inspections
should always be made in the presence of personnel
normally associated with the space. That will make
them immediately aware of all unsafe practices or
In 1974 the President of the United States
adopted safety programs consistent with Occupa-
tional Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
standards for government employees. During recent
years the Navy has set up specific programs using
OSHA standards as guides. That has resulted in
most Navy safety programs being even stricter than
OSHA requirements. Remember that OSHA has the
authority to inspect naval activities. Basic guidance
for Navy Occupational Safety and Health (NAV-
OSH) is contained in OPNAVINST 5100.23B. In
this section, we will discuss some of the safety
programs developed to provide us with safe
working conditions in sometimes not-so-safe