Normal reaction to basic human fear can be
very useful. When you are afraid, your body be-
comes more alert, you hear better, you see better,
and you can perform amazing feats of strength.
Even though we overcome our fears to some
extent, a lack of confidence in our strength and
ability may seriously weaken our will to survive.
Therefore, you must prepare, both physically and
psychologically, to deal with stresses in survival
We have each acquired, to some degree, many
personality traits that are helpful in a survival
situation. Most of us have come through some
difficult, drawn out, emotionally draining prob-
lems. We have learned the value of persistence and
perseverance when the odds seemed against us.
Reaching a coveted goal in sports requires such
traits. You may have surmounted moments of
danger or crisis with a physical or psychological
strength you didnt know you had.
The key to survival is your attitude. The
development of at least twelve important traits,
or characteristics, will help you develop a survival
We cannot overemphasize the importance of
developing these traits. They can be more valuable
to your survival than your survival equipment.
You could find yourself in two types of
survival situationssurvival ashore and survival
at sea. Knowing how to survive in each situation
is equally important. Since you could also find
yourself as the senior person in a survival situa-
tion, you need to know your authority and respon-
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE
SENIOR PERSON IN A
You have worked hard to advance to your
position of leadership. One of the most impor-
tant responsibilities you may have is to function
as the senior person in a survival situation. That
is where the leadership skills you have been work-
ing on will pay off. You will be responsible for
the lives of your shipmates and for seeing that they
Navy Regulations and article IV of the Code
of Conduct give the senior person in a survival
situation the authority to take charge. Even if you
are not the senior person in charge, you have the
responsibility to fully back the senior person in
charge. If the senior member becomes injured or
dies and you are the next senior person, you will
assume responsibility for your group. The
members of your group will depend on you to lead
them in evading the enemy and reaching safety.
Although you have the authority and respon-
sibility of leadership, listen to your subordinates,
as they may have useful ideas. Survival requires
every person to give 100 percent toward a group
effort. Failure on one persons part could cause
the group to end up in a prisoner-of-war camp.
Think before you act, and weigh every situation
carefully. Use the helpful ideas of the group.
Survival ashore becomes a personal struggle
between the environment and the specific qualities
people bring to the situation. Disaster subjects
people to severe stresses they are not normally ex-
posed to. Some people remain remarkably calm
for varying periods, even under extreme stress.
Others, however, become overwhelmed by
disaster and unable to cope with what might be
a life-threatening situation. People suffer the
worst reactions when, with little or no warning
or preparation, they suddenly find themselves in
an unstructured and undefined situation.
When you are faced with a survival situation
on land, remember several facts. The obstacles
to overcome arent so much physical as mental.
In all probability, others have survived in that