Q2. When storing solvents, what actions should you
WEAPONS AND EXPLOSIVES
You should observe the following general
precautions when handling any type of weapon:
Consider every weapon loaded until you
examine it and find it otherwise.
Never point a weapon at anyone you do not
intend to shoot or in a direction where an
accidental discharge may do harm.
Place a cartridge in the chamber only when you
intend to fire the weapon.
Whenever you handle a weapon, think about
what you are doing. Accidents seldom just
happen. They frequently are caused by persons
ignorant of safety precautions. All too often they
are caused by carelessness.
Make sure the ammunition is suited to the type of
weapon you intend to fire.
Ammunition is stowed aboard ship in specially
constructed compartments called magazines, which are
located as far as possible from firerooms and engine
rooms. Each magazine is equipped with a sprinkler
system, and many are equipped with a quick-flooding
system for use in an emergency to prevent explosion of
the magazine. Lighting is accomplished with vaportight
fixtures. Naked lights, matches, or other
flame-producing apparatus must never be taken into a
magazine. Heel plates or other spark-producing
materials are also forbidden. Magazines must be kept
scrupulously clean and dry at all times. Particular
attention must be paid to ensure that no oily rags, waste,
or other materials that may cause spontaneous
combustion are stored in magazines.
Extreme care must be exercised when handling
ammunition. Remember, the purpose of ammunition is
to cause destruction. Be sure the destruction is to the
enemy and not to your own ship. Figure 19-3 shows the
tragic results of careless handling of ammunition. A
ship was lost and over 150 persons were killed or
An important part of ammunition handling is
identifying the type of ammunition. Projectiles of
3-inch and greater diameter are color-coded to indicate
the projectile type and the kind of bursting charge they
contain. Armor-piercing, antiaircraft, illuminating, and
chemical projectiles are identified by their own
distinctive color markings. Whenever you are handling
ammunition, keep projectiles of the same type (same
A few additional rules are given here for handling
ammunition. These rules are general in nature and are
not all-encompassing, but they apply to all types of
Loading or unloading ammunition is not a
contest. Racing against other handling parties
only increases the possibility of a mishap.
Be careful not to dent cartridge cases. Dented
casings may jam in the bore. Some thin-cased
explosives are known to have detonated when
their casings were dented.
Avoid obliterating (blotting out, blurring, etc.)
Grommets are used to protect the rotating bands
of projectiles; dont lose the grommets.
Dont smoke in magazines or in the vicinity of
explosives-handling and explosives-loading
Unless you are involved, keep clear of
Never tamper with explosive devices.
Dont store drill charges in magazines with live
All pyrotechnic materials are kept in special
stowage spaces, usually located on topside decks. Any
pyrotechnic material that shows signs of damage to its
safety device is considered unserviceable and must be
segregated for prompt disposal. Extreme caution must