OPEN FLAME AND NAKED LIGHT
The use of open flame, naked lights, or any
apparatus that is likely to cause a spark is not permitted
in spaces or areas where fuel is exposed or during
fueling. The term open flame includes all forms of fuel
or gas lanterns, lighted candles, matches, cigarette
lighters, and so on. The term naked lights includes any
unprotected electrical lighting device. Permanently
installed electrical apparatus necessary for maintenance
of power or services in the ship could produce sparks.
Paints, varnishes, lacquers, cleaners, solvents, or
other finishing materials contain flammable solvents
that can ignite at comparatively low temperatures and,
therefore, present a fire hazard. They also give off toxic
vapors that are harmful when inhaled. When using
paints and finishing materials, you should observe the
Do not smoke or use an open flame in areas
where paint, varnishes, lacquers, and solvents
are mixed or applied.
Wipe up spilled paint or solvents immediately to
reduce fire and vapor hazards.
Place rags or other items used for cleaning up
paint in a separate container with a closed top.
Take care to prevent paint products from coming
in contact with the eyes and skin.
Wear goggles when chipping and cleaning
surfaces to be painted.
Wear gloves and a filter respirator when mixing
paint and when painting.
Solvents used in paints, adhesives, rubber and
plastic materials, and degreasing solutions are
hazardous to your health. Most solvents are toxic and,
with a few exceptions, are flammable. Appropriate
measures must be taken to reduce their toxic and
flammable effects. In addition, exposure of the skin to
solvents can cause serious skin problems. Therefore,
you should observe the following precautions when
Use adequate ventilation.
Wear protective clothing, goggles, gloves, and
other appropriate safeguards.
Have readily accessible fire-fighting equipment
Take every precaution to prevent excessive
vapors from contaminating the air.
Check all liquids before using. If in doubt of any
cleaning fluids, consult the officer in charge.
Wipe up spilled solvents immediately.
Avoid contact with your eyes, skin, or clothing.
Do not take solvents internally, and avoid
breathing solvent vapors.
Keep solvent containers tightly closed when not
Check containers for leakage; if a container is
defective, transfer the solvent to a new container.
Be sure containers are empty before they are
discarded. Observe approved practices for
disposal of solvents and cleaners and their
Label all containers in which solvents are to be
Store solvents in an appropriate solvent storage
REVIEW 6 QUESTIONS
Q1. Define the following terms.
a. Open flame
b. Naked lights