Sexual abuse. In the case of child abuse, sexual
abuse is actions that include, but are not limited to, the
employment, use inducement, enticement, or coercion
of any child to engage in, or have a child assist any other
person to engage in, any sexually explicit conduct or
any simulation of such conduct. Actions include, but are
not limited to, rape, molestation, prostitution, or other
sexual activity between the offender or a third party and
a child, when the offender is in a position or a power
over the child.
WHAT CAN THE COMMAND AND THE
FAMILY DO ABOUT ABUSE?
Child and spouse abuse are serious behavioral,
social, and community problems. These problems need
a comprehensive, community-based response. The
most effective response to family violence occurs when
individuals, families, commands, and communities act
as a community to keep the victim safe.
The Department of the Navy (DoN) has a Family
Advocacy Program (FAP) that addresses child and
spouse abuse. It involves the prevention, evaluation,
identification, intervention, rehabilitation/behavioral
education and counseling, follow-up, and reporting of
child and spouse abuse. The Navy uses this program as a
tool to assist victims and to reduce the occurrence of
child and spouse abuse.
The five primary goals of the DoN FAP are as
1. Victim safety and protection
2. Offender accountability
3. Rehabilitative education and counseling
4. Community accountability
5. Responsibility for a consistent appropriate
A continuous effort to reduce and eliminate child
and spouse abuse is actively pursued at every level of
command. Each command has a Family Advocacy
Program. The CO at each installation appoints a family
advocacy officer (FAO). The CO also ensures that a
family advocacy committee (FAC) and a case review
committee (CRC) are established. The primary goal of
the FAP is prevention of abuse. The FAP establishes
education, support, and awareness programs so that
families and their command understand the risk factors
of child and spouse abuse. Programs emphasize
prevention, recognition, prompt notification and
reporting, and availability of responsive services.
Early intervention involving cases of spouse or
child abuse of any kind is very important. Victims can
report incidents of abuse directly to the FAO, family
service center, medical treatment facility, Chaplain, or
the Ombudsman. The important thing is to report it.
Learning Objectives: When you finish this chapter,
you will be able to
Recognize factors that cause stress.
Identify ways to combat stress.
Everybody experiences stress. Its the bodys
natural reaction to tension, pressure, and change. Most
people think of stressors (or things that cause stress) as
negative, such as traffic, a difficult job, or a divorce.
However, stressors can be positive experiences. For
example, having a baby, bowling a perfect 300 game, or
completing a satisfying project. These are all changes
that can cause stress.
Your body cant tell the difference between a good
and a bad stressor. Both too much stress and too little
stress are bad for you, while the right balance keeps you
going. Positive, or good stress, can keep you going. It
makes life more challenging and less boring.
Too much stress can be bad for you, both physically
and mentally. Prolonged, unrelieved stress can lead to
accidental injury, serious illness, or inappropriate
behavior. For the sake of your health, safety, and
happiness, you need to recognize and manage stress
before it gets the best of you.
Stress occurs when there is an imbalance between
the demands of our lives and the resources we have to
deal with those demands. An imbalance may happen
when there are changes in our lives. Its not the changes
themselves that cause stress but our reaction to those
changes or events.