Then there are illicit drugs, DRUGS PROHIBITED
BY LAW. Illicit drugs and some legal dregs normally
available only by a doctors prescription are
manufactured by unscrupulous individuals for sale to
underground buyers. These drugs are usually inferior
products prepared in unsanitary laboratories for future
marketing on our nations streets.
Some types of drugs that are used legally and
illegally are narcotics, stimulants, depressants,
hallucinogens, and deliriant. These drugs are described
NARCOTICS. -Narcotic drugs include some of the
most valuable medicines known, as well as some of the
most abused. The term narcotics original] y referred to
opium and the drugs made from opium, such as heroin,
codeine, and morphine. Opium is obtained from the
opium poppy plant; morphine and codeine are extracted
from opium. Medical science has developed
synthesized drugs, called opiates, that have properties
similar to heroin, codeine, or morphine. Those drugs are
also classified as narcotic drugs.
A drug abuser under the influence of narcotics
usually appears lethargic and drowsy or displays
symptoms of deep intoxication. The pupils of the eyes
are often constricted and fail to respond to light.
Some abusers may drink paregoric or cough
medicines containing narcotics. The persons breath
often has the medicinal odor of these preparations. Other
beginner narcotic abusers inhale narcotic drugs, such
as heroin. They sometimes have traces of this white
powder around their nostrils. Constant inhaling of
narcotic drugs makes their nostrils red and raw.
The drug addict usually injects narcotics directly
into a vein. The most common site of the injection is the
inner surface of the arm at the elbow. After repeated
injections, scar tissue (tracks) develops along the veins.
Because of the easy identification of these marks,
narcotic abusers usually wear long sleeves at odd times.
Females sometimes use makeup to cover the marks.
Some males get tattooed at injection sites. Abusers who
inject narcotics under unsterile conditions often get
blood poisoning. They often contract diseases such as
hepatitis and acquired immune deficiency syndrome
(AIDS) and tropical diseases such as malaria.
Those who inject drugs must keep the equipment
they used to inject the drugs handy. Therefore, they may
hide the equipment on themselves or in a place where
they will have temporary privacy, such as a nearby
locker or washroom. Some commonly used instruments
and accessories are bent spoons, bottle caps, small balls
of cotton, syringes, eyedroppers, and hypodermic
needles. Abusers use them all in the injection process.
Spoons or bottle caps hold the narcotic in a little water
for heating over a match or lighter; cotton falters the
narcotic as it is drawn through the needle into a syringe
or an eyedropper. Abusers usually keep the used cotton
because it retains a small amount of the narcotic. They
can then extract it if unable to obtain additional drugs.
You can easily identify a bent spoon or bottle cap used
to heat the narcotic because it becomes blackened by the
Under federal law, some preparations containing
small amounts of narcotic drugs maybe sold without a
prescription; for example, cough mixtures containing
codeine. Although these preparations are relatively free
of addiction potential when used as directed, they have
Opiates. -Natural and synthetic morphine-like
drugs derived from opiates are the most effective pain
relievers known. Physicians often prescribe them for
short-term acute pain resulting from surgery, fractures,
burns, and the latter stages of terminal illnesses such as
Since opiates depress the central nervous system,
they produce a marked reduction in sensitivity to pain,
create drowsiness, and reduce physical activity. Side
effects can include nausea and vomiting, constipation,
itching, flushing, constriction of pupils, and respiratory
Heroin. Heroin is a white or brown powder known
to the addict as H, horse, caballo, white stuff, white lade,
Harry, joy powder, doojee, sugar, stag, or smack. It
produces an intense euphoria resulting in an easing of
fears and relief from worry; however, a state of
inactivity bordering on stupor often follows. Since
abusers rapidly develop a tolerance for the drug, they
must ingest increasingly large quantities to get a kick.
Abusers ingest heroin in a variety of ways, including
sniffing (snorting), smoking, or injecting it into a vein
(mainlining) or just under the skin (joy popping). The
latter two methods require the abuser to liquify the
powder before using it.
Heroin is manufactured from morphine and, weight
for weight, is up to 10 times more potent than morphine.
Users cut or dilute pure heroin with other substances
such as milk sugar (lactose) or quinine, or both. The drug
sold to the addict as heroin usually contains one part
heroin plus nine parts or more of other substances. Since
those other substances are quite often toxic to the human
system, they can result in the death of the user.