of rank or age, are subject to participation in the
urinalysis testing program.
The urinalysis program uses a system of
biochemical testing of urine samples to achieve the
Establish a valid and reliable means for the
detection of drug abuse
Serve as a strong deterrent against drug abuse
Monitor the status of personnel in drug and
alcohol abuse rehabilitation programs
Provide statistical data on the prevalence and
demographics of drug abuse
Drug Detection Dogs
Commands can request, through the security
department, the use of drug detection dog (DDD) teams
to help identify drug abusers. Dogs are effective, and the
possibility of their repeated use increases their
effectiveness as a deterrent. The only persons needing
prior knowledge of a DDD inspection or an authorized
search are the commanding officer and the dog handler.
DDDs may conduct inspections anywhere under naval
jurisdiction at any time.
Dogs are trained to inspect for controlled substances
and will not harm humans unless provoked. No matter
how effective a dog-and-handler team is in detecting
drugs, the physical presence of the team alone is often
the best deterrent to drug abuse. Abusers can seldom fool
dogs; they rarely succeed in their efforts to mask the
trace odors the dogs are capable of detecting.
DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION
Today, the basic approach to drug abuse prevention
calls for understanding that goes beyond information
about drugs. You need to understand people, their
feelings, their needs, their goals, and their reasons for
taking drugs. You also need to understand the effects of
a family or group situation upon human behavior.
Showing people you care about them is the most
important tool of all for preventing the abuse of drugs.
Learn how to recognize the potential drug abuser
and the situations that might contribute to a persons
choice to abuse drugs. Offer the abuser or potential
abuser alternatives to drugs. Help your people to
develop attitudes and value that oppose the acceptance
of drug abuse. Help them to see that drugs provide only
transitory, counterfeit experiences that can never change
the real world, but constructive activity can. Encourage
them to become involved in constructive activities such
as volunteer work, sports, clubs, divisional outings,
divisional tours, off-duty education, community service
activities, part-time jobs, and hobbies.
For nonusers who have never used drugs or who
have merely experimented with them, drug abuse
education can highlight valid reasons for not using
drugs. This type of education also offers alternative
ways of achieving satisfaction. Use the basic alternative
appeal to turn on to life.
One former user who is a recognized antidrug
authority suggests four basic steps in dealing with
people who already may be using drugs regularly:
Develop a sympathetic and an honest attitude.
Provide accurate information.
Provide information from sources that are
credible to the user, such as ex-users.
Give people alternatives to the use of drugs.
The young member, particularly on board ship, may
need special counseling. When members walk up the
gangplank upon reporting for duty, they are
apprehensive and have a strong desire to be accepted.
They may alter their beliefs and actions in an effort to
be accepted by their peers, even if acceptance includes
You can control this situation and eliminate many
of the problems that may occur by providing proper
guidance at this crucial time. When you receive new
members in your division, assign one of your most
competent division personnel to help them adapt to their
new environment. That person will encourage and guide
the young members to develop acceptable values and
Alcohol is the number one drug problem in the
United States today. The leading causes of death for the
17- to 25-year age group are alcohol-related driving
accidents, suicides, and homicides. About 55 percent of
all fatal auto accidents are alcohol related, and 60
percent of all motorcycle deaths involve alcohol.
Historically, alcohol has had widespread use in our
society. Throughout history, alcoholic drinks have been
used with meals, at social gatherings, in religious
ceremonies, and at celebrations. Alcohol does have
some acceptable uses, but it also can be abused.