CW detection equipment used by Navy personnel
include the portable AN/KAS-1A chemical warfare
directional detector (CWDD) and the permanent
chemical agent point detector system (CAPDS). No one
piece of equipment can detect all CW agents, which is
why the Navy uses several different methods of CW
M256A1 detector kits are used to check areas
suspected of being contaminated, to test an area after
decontamination operations, and to indicate when
masks might be removed. The kits are not designed to
indicate when it is necessary to don (put on) gas masks.
REVIEW 4 QUESTIONS
Q1. A survey team consists of
Q2. What are the two types of surveys?
Q3. Biological markers are (a) what color with (b)
what color inscription?
Q4. To calculate safe entry time and stay time in a
radiologically contaminated area, you need what
Q5. Describe the only known method for detecting
Q6. To check areas suspected of being contaminated
by CW agents, you should use what kit?
CBR DEFENSE PROTECTIVE
Learning Objective: When you finish this chapter, you
will be able to
Recognize the procedures to follow in case of a
For a ship or shore activity to be able to continue its
mission after a CW, BW, or nuclear attack, personnel
must be protected. Protective measures include both
individual and group actions. Individual protection is an
immediate concern. What you do in the first few
moments of a CW, BW, or nuclear attack may keep you
WHAT TO DO IN A CBR ATTACK
In a nuclear attack, defensive measures are much
the same as the general damage control precautions
taken against any explosion. These measures are to keep
things squared away, maintain watertight integrity,
make repairs as quickly as possible, protect yourself
with your clothing and protective mask, be ready to
fight fires ignited by the blast, and be ready to
administer first aid to shipmates who are injured or
burned. What you learned about damage control and
firefighting in chapter 12 also applies to the damage and
fires caused by nuclear weapons.
General Precautions to Follow in a CBR
As soon as the initial effects of the explosion are
over, you should then take the following precautions:
1. Put on your mask immediately or cover your
nose and mouth with a handkerchief or cloth.