Dont engage in recreational activities unless
you are physically able to do so without harm.
Wear necessary and prescribed protective
equipment and clothing.
Avoid overexertion and excessive fatigue. Such
conditions can lead to injuries.
Dont engage in an activity if you have an old
injury that may be aggravated by additional
Warm-up properly before engaging in any
Avoid horseplay. This is a common cause of
Obtain medical attention immediately if you are
injured, feel faint, become dizzy, or ill.
Alcohol and sports do not mix. Drinking while
participating in sports increases your chances of
Dont try to play a new game or practice new
athletic skills unless you are under the direction
of a qualified instructor. Dont take unnecessary
Always keep a safe distance from sporting
equipment being thrown, such as the discus and
Remember, when engaged in a recreational activity,
you are responsible for protecting yourself from injury.
Therefore, you must observe all rules and safety
You may be assigned duties as a driver. As a driver,
you are responsible for the safe operation of the vehicle
while it is assigned to you and for the safety of the
passengers and cargo. You (as a passenger or
operator) are required to wear seat belts. You are to
make daily inspections of the vehicle assigned to you. If
the vehicle is found to be unsafe, you arent permitted or
required to operate that vehicle until it has been
repaired. You must obey all local traffic laws and
ordinances while operating a motor vehicle on and off
Except under extreme emergencies when no relief
is available, you should only drive for short periods of
time. If you must drive for a long period of time or if you
become fatigued (tired) or drowsy when driving, pull off
the road and stop for a few minutes to rest. Never
operate a vehicle if you have been drinking alcoholic
beverages, if you are taking medication that will make
you drowsy, or if you are sick or physically unfit to
Lifting is so much a part of our everyday jobs that
we dont think about it, and most of the time we do it
wrong. Results of improper lifting may be a painful
hernia, a strained or pulled muscle, or a disk lesion. For
the sake of your back, you should observe the following
rules and precautions for lifting:
Dont lift an object if it is too heavy or too
clumsy for good balance. Get help, or use mechanical
aids such as a dolly or hand truck.
Keep the load close to the center of your body.
The farther the load is from the small of your back, the
greater the strain. That is the reason a heavy compact
load is easier to lift than a bulky, lighter loadyou just
cannot get the bulky object close to you. The best way to
handle a compact load is to squat down close to the load
with one foot alongside it and the other foot behind it.
With the feet comfortably spread, you will have better
stability with the rear foot in the position for the upward
thrust of the lift.
Pull the load toward you; then lift it
gradually. Avoid quick and jerky motions. Push up on
your legs (fig. 19-4) while keeping your back straight. A
straight back keeps the spine, back muscles, and other
organs of the body in correct alignment. Tucking in your
chin helps to align the spine. No matter what size the
load, get as close to it as you can; then get a good grip by
using the full palm and extending your fingers and
hands around the object. Remember that your fingers