REVIEW 1 ANSWERS
A1. The primary purpose of first aid is to safe lives,
prevent further injury, and limit infection.
A2. The primary tasks to take when you administer
first aid are to
a. maintain breathing,
b. stop bleeding and maintain circulation, and
c. prevent or treat shock.
A3. The general first-aid rule for
a. shock is to place the victim on his/her back
with the head slightly lower than the feet
b. broken bones is to keep the person still until
you immobilize the injured part
c. transport of injured persons is on the litter
with the litter carried feet first
REVIEW 2 ANSWERS
A1. The first-aid treatment for respiratory failure is
A2. Artificial ventilation should be administered
only when natural breathing has stopped.
NEVER give artificial ventilation to a person
who is still breathing.
A3. The three types of artificial ventilation are
a. Mouth to mouth
b. Mouth to nose
c. Back pressure/arm lift
A4. Cardiac arrest is the complete stoppage of
A5. To be effective, CPR must be started within 4
minutes of the onset of cardiac arrest.
A6. When you use the one-rescuer technique of CPR,
the ratio of compressions to ventilations is 15
compressions to 2 ventilations.
A7. When you use the two-rescuer technique of CPR,
the ratio of compressions to ventilations is 5
compressions to 1 ventilation.
A8. The symptoms of airway blockage are
a. Inability of the victim to speak
b. Exaggerated breathing efforts
c. Skin turning blue
A9. The four methods you can use to clear a persons
a. Standing abdominal thrust
b. Reclining abdominal thrust
c. Standing chest thrust
d. Reclining chest thrust
REVIEW 3 ANSWERS
A1. The three types of blood vessels the body uses to
circulate blood are
a. Arterieslarge vessels that carry blood
away from the heart
b. Veinslarge vessels that carry blood back
to the heart
c. Capillariesa connecting network of
smaller vessels between the arteries and the
A2. Hemorrhage is severe enough to endanger life
when arteries or veins are cut.
A3. A loss of 2 pints of blood is usually enough to
A4. Blood carried by
a. Capillaries is brick red
b. Veins is dark red
c. Arteries is bright red
A5. The only way to stop serious bleeding is the
application of pressure.