called a toggle is seized between strands of the
guess-warp above the thimble to keep it from running up
out of reach when a boat lets go. One or more Jacobs
ladders (a rope ladder) from the boom permit boat
crews to come aboard.
REVIEW 1 QUESTIONS
Q1. List six types of ground tackle used aboard ships.
Q2. Where are bower anchors located?
Q3. List the standard parts of the mooring line used to
secure a normal sized ship at a pier.
Q4. Aboard ship, deck fittings are used for
Q5. While anchored, what deck equipment is used to
moor the ships boat?
Learning Objectives: When you finish this chapter,
you will be able to
Identify various types of boats, service craft, and
combatant craft to include boat terms and
Identify safety practices for boat passengers.
Boat seamanship is much more than a knowledge of
the kinds of boats in operation in the Navy. Boat crews
are responsible for the safe operation and upkeep of
their craft and must receive training in a number of
areas. Some of the techniques to be mastered require
much practice and experience before a boat crew can
become accomplished in their assigned duties. If you
are assigned to duties as a member of a boat crew, you
should study the Seaman and Boatswains Mate 3 & 2
training manuals and complete the required personnel
qualification standards (PQS).
Boats used by the Navy are of three general
groupssupport craft, combatant craft, and boats in
general. Each group may be determined by its assigned
mission and by its type, design, and construction.
Chapter 8 has detailed information about these craft.
The term boat refers to a noncommissioned
waterborne vessel that is not designated as a service
craft. A boat is capable of limited independent
operation. Officer/personnel boats, motor whaleboats,
and utility boats fit into this group. Boats carried aboard
ship that can be hoisted from and lowered into the water
are known as ships boats.
The term service craft (figs. 7-9 and 7-10) is applied
to waterborne craft that are designed for special use.
Harbor tugs, ferryboats, various nonself-propelled
barges, and floating dry docks are designated service