Q13. What person is responsible for maintaining the
ships deck log while under way?
Q14. The fog lookout normally stands
Q15. List the conditions under which you would
normally stand an after steering watch.
Q16. The sound and security watch reports directly to
the (a) ___________, and the results of their
inspections are logged in (b) _______________.
Q17. There are 11 general orders and these orders
dont change. General orders cover what
Q18. List the precautions that must be strictly adhered
to while standing an armed watch with a pistol.
Q19. List the conditions under which deadly force
may be used.
Learning Objectives: When you finish this chapter,
you will be able to
Recognize the procedures to use when reporting
bearings, to include scanning procedures and
Identify the procedures to follow when using
binoculars to include night vision.
The direction of an object from a ship is called the
bearing. Bearings are measured in degrees clockwise
around a circle from 000 to 360. There are three types
1. Relative bearings use the ships bow as a
2. True bearings use true north (the geographic
north pole) as the reference point.
3. Magnetic bearings use the magnetic north pole
as the reference point.
Sometimes, all three types of bearings coincide, but
such situations are rare and of a temporary nature.
Lookouts report objects (contacts) in degrees of relative
Figure 3-2 shows the relative bearings around a
ship. An object dead ahead bears 000°, while an object
abeam to starboard bears 090°, and so on. Study this
figure, practice pointing to various objects. Compare
your estimates of their bearings to what the objects
actually bear. With practice, you should be able to report
a contact within 5° to 10° of its actual bearing.