DC training effectiveness is directly related to realistic training scenarios. Too many simulations weaken drills, causing
personnel to lose interest and enthusiasm, which significantly degrades training effectiveness. DCTT disclosures must be
realistic and clear; manipulating indicators, staging realistic props, generating smoke and standard disclosure techniques will
reduce confusion and increase training effectiveness. The following is a list of recommended methods and techniques for the
DCTT to utilize.
effectiveness of smoke boundaries
smoke removal procedures
smoke curtain effectiveness
used in cableways or on electrical panel to simulate
Red Flashing Beacon - rotating light to simulate flames.
Chem-Lights - simulate hang fires (use red if available).
DCTI waving red flag or red lens flashlight or hand held
battery-operated fan with red plastic streamers.
Black cloth taped over item in question to indicate charred
motor controllers, light fitting, etc.
Portable pipe with holes - adaptable to 1 1/2 inches to 2 1/2
inches fireplug or stanchion - use on weather deck plug -
tag valve open - excellent pipe patching trainer. Example
is NSTM 079, Volume 2, page 12.
Colored tape tied around firemain and run out along the
deck - indicates source and water depth. Use grease pencil
on pipe to indicate leak for actual patching required.
Chem-Lights - Used to indicated flooding; 1 light - 1 ft, 2
lights, - 2 ft, etc. (Use blue lights if available).
Simulated Holes - Use cutout cardboard or steel plate -
attach to bulkhead. Example in NSTM 079, Volume 2 page
Distinguising clothing markings - arm band, red ball
caps, red coveralls, flight deck jerseys, etc.
Use blindfolds for all personnel.
Use training EEBDs if sufficient quantities are
DISCLOSURES AND SIMULATIONS
Halon/CO2 flooding released: Pull pins on KIDDE
switches for ventilation and alarms.
CO2 dumped in module/enclosure: Place white paper
over glass window.
Fire/smoke in module/enclosure Place red and black
design/flag over observation window.
Alarms: Place chem-lights at several locations after
fire party has extinguished main fire.
Sparking: Use welders sparking tool or strobe light.
Explosion: Bang on deckplates - the more noise the
better the drills.
REPAIR PARTY ACTION should include:
Charge fire hoses for all drills.
Conduct actual shoring and pipe patchine - (2 x 4s -
cheap way to do shoring).
Rig P250 - deep suction,
Light off OBAs as practical in consideration of
allowance requirements. (Never use training
canisters in a drill scenario.)
Exothermic Cutters: Use topside on scrap metal.
Casualty Power: Rig and energize.
Rig Sub-Pump: Place pump in clean trash can full of
Figure 5-2.-Damage Control Training Techniques.