vegetable oil. Upon contact with the burning
surface, APC generates a soap-like froth that
contains steam, which causes CO2 and glycerine
bubbles to float on top of the burning oil. The
bubbles exclude air from the surface of the grease
or oil, which extinguishes the fire.
Escape routes from below-deck spaces to
weather decks should be clearly marked with
directional arrows and appropriate labeling.
Phosphorescent markings and appropriate emer-
gency lighting of egress routes, hatches, and
ladders will ensure that personnel will be able to
safely find their way topside in the event of a loss
of ships power.
The emergency escape breathing device (EEBD)
provides personnel with respiratory and eye
protection in an atmosphere that will not support
All personnel must learn to follow escape
routes to weather decks by taking part in blind-
fold drills. Additionally personnel should be
trained on the location and the proper wearing
of EEBDs. The method of and frequency required
for egress training are contained in type com-
CBR defense means defense against chemical
or biological agents used in attacks or defense
against radiation from nuclear explosions.
Personnel must be able to detect and identify
contamination, to decide on the protective
measures needed, and to decontaminate ship
surfaces, equipment, and personnel.
In studying CBR defense, remember that
weapons are always developed and new defense
measures are being established to deal with them.
You will need to keep up to date with these
The ships bills that apply to shipboard CBR
defense include the general emergency bill; the
CBR defense bill; and the ships battle bill. All
personnel must be indoctrinated and trained to
carry out the duties described in these bills. For
information on the ships battle bill and for
additional information on other bills, see
Standard Organization and Regulations of the
U.S. Navy, OPNAVINST 3120.32.
Personnel under CBR attack should be pro-
tected through individual and group measures.
Individual protection is of immediate concern.
What you do in the first few moments after a CBR
attack may determine whether or not you survive.
Know the symptoms of exposure to radiation and
to biological and chemical agents. Know the
action to take when you are exposed and any self-
aid and first-aid measures that might help you or
your shipmates. This knowledge may mean the
difference between life and death.
COMPARTMENT CHECKOFF LISTS
Compartment checkoff lists (fig. 7-5) provide
an itemized listing of all classified fittings
and closures used in damage control to set the
specified material condition of readiness. They are
originally prepared and furnished by the ship
builders design agent during the construction of
a ship or class of ships. It is each ships respon-
sibility to keep the lists current. Follow the
guidelines listed in the Naval Ships Technical
Manual, chapter 079, volume 2, when you check
and update your compartment checkoff lists.
All compartments must have a compartment
checkoff list permanently posted within them in
clear view of the space access. Weather decks that
have damage control facilities must also have a
compartment checkoff list posted. The compart-
ment name and number are entered on the list
along with all classified fittings and certain other
damage control facilities in the compartment that
are necessary to help damage control personnel
in the performance of their duties. The informa-
tion listed for each of the classified fittings and
other facilities on a compartment checkoff list
includes the following:
Name of item
Number of item
Location of item
Purpose of item
Classification of item (if classified)
Division responsibility for the proper
operation of each fitting
When a compartment has more than one
entrance, duplicate compartment checkoff lists
must be posted at each entrance. The compart-
ment checkoff lists shall be clearly labeled
DUPLICATE. Partial compartment checkoff lists
may be desirable when a compartment contains