7. Keep open wounds and burns as clean as
possible. Avoid touching open wounds and burns
with your hands or unsterile objects unless no
sterile dressings are available.
8. Do not try to give liquids to an un-
9. Never give morphine to an unconscious
10. Do not move a patient until the extent of
the injuries has been determined.
Nuclear weapons systems have built-in safety
features and are governed by safety rules during
all operational phases. As a senior petty officer,
you must recognize, however, that hazards do
exist. You must know what to do in the event of
a nuclear weapon accident/incident.
In the United States, nuclear weapons maybe
transported by aircraft, trucks, trains, or naval
ships. In each case, weapons and components are
installed in special containers that are securely
fastened to the transport vehicle by carefully
designed tie-downs and mountings. Because
principal methods and procedures related to
nuclear weapons accident/incidents are classified,
only basic information will be covered here.
More detailed information can be found in the
Repair Party Manual (COMNAVSURFLANTINST
Even though nuclear weapons are designed to
prevent a nuclear yield in the event of accidental
detonation, a possible hazard is still associated
with conventional weapons and material. The two
components of a nuclear weapon that constitute
the most probable hazard in the case of an
accident are high explosives and plutonium.
Most nuclear weapons contain high explosives
in varying amounts of up to 200 pounds. These
high explosives present a major hazard. Treat
accidents or fires involving nuclear weapons
the same as those involving conventional high
explosives. If a nuclear weapon is involved
in a fire, the high explosives could detonate.
Detonation may be very small or of considerable
magnitude. If a nuclear weapon accident occurs,
only personnel trained in high-explosive disposal
should attempt to clean up, recover, or dispose
of the high explosives.
Plutonium may become dispersed as small
particles as the result of impact, detonation of the
high explosives, or by smoke if a fire occurs.
Plutonium is a hazard only if it enters the body.
When small particles of plutonium are suspended
in the air, the particles can be inhaled into the
lungs or swallowed. Plutonium particles may also
enter the body through cuts in the skin.
RESPONSE TO A NUCLEAR
Execute a shipboard nuclear accident/incident
in the same manner as any shipboard general
emergency. In port, if less than the entire crew
is aboard and if the situation warrants, sound
general quarters. Sound general quarters at sea
and the appropriate repair locker/damage control
team takes charge. If you are the first person on
the scene, pass the alarm; then rig any available
fire hose and start cooling the warhead with high
velocity water fog. Do not use foam on warheads,
as it acts as an insulator and causes heat
retention rather than cooling.
If you are caught in the area of a fire or an
explosion, obtain some type of respiratory
protection, even if it is a handkerchief placed over
the nose and mouth. An explosion may result in
scattered, burned, or melted explosives in the
area. High explosives in this form are especially
susceptible to shock or movement. They may be
recognized by their tan or buff color in their
original form, a pink color when fused, or a white
powdery appearance when burned. Remember,
stay away from high explosives.
CBR defense is defined as all damage control
and personnel protective measures used to combat/
minimize the effects of chemical, biological, or
radiological attack. CBR defense measures may
be invoked to counter a direct enemy attack or
to counter the effects of the use of CBR weapons
by friendly forces in defending themselves.
In studying CBR defense, remember that new
approaches are constantly being testednew
weapons are being developed and new protective
and defense measures are being established.
Keeping up to date with new developments is
therefore particularly important in the field of