The best chance for survival belongs to the
group that works TOGETHER and has a leader
who accepts responsibility for the group. When
you are the senior person, accept responsibility
for your group by taking steps to lead members
to work together.
Organize group survival activities. Group sur-
vival depends largely upon the organization of its
manpower. Organized action by group members
who know what to do and when to do it, during
ordinary circumstances and during a crisis,
prevents panic. Keeping the group informed,
devising a plan, and sticking to the plan helps
Assign each person a task that fits his or her
personal qualifications. If one person can catch
fish but cannot cook, let that person provide the
fish. Always learn each members special skills so
that you can use each person to the greatest
benefit of the group.
Assume command and establish a chain of
command that includes all members of the group.
Good leadership lessens panic, confusion, and
disorganization. Make certain each person knows
his or her position in the chain of command and
is familiar with the duties of every other person,
especially your duties as the senior member.
Under no circumstances leave leadership of the
group to chance acceptance by some member after
a situation arises.
Maintain respect for your leadership by using
it wisely; be the leader and set the example. Group
survival is a test of effective leadership. Watch
out for problems that could turn into serious
arguments. Keep troublemakers from attracting
undue attention, and keep those who may crack
up from disrupting the group. Prevent care-
lessness caused by fatigue, hunger, and cold.
Know yourself and the members of your group;
take responsibility for each persons welfare.
Develop a feeling of mutual dependence within
the group by stressing that each person depends
on the others for survival. Emphasize that the
group will not leave the wounded or injured
behindthat each members responsibility is to
make sure the group returns intact. A feeling of
mutual dependence fosters high morale and unity.
Each member receives support and strength from
Make the decisions no matter what the situa-
tion. However, base your decisions on the infor-
mation and advice of other members of the
groupmuch as admirals make decisions based
on input from their staff. Above all else, never
If situations require you to act immediately,
consider the facts and make decisions rapidly. The
ability to think on your feet usually determines
BASIC ELEMENTS OF SURVIVAL
You can reduce, or even avoid, the shock
of finding yourself isolated behind enemy lines,
in enemy hands, or in a desolated area.
Just remember the basic elements of sur-
vival represented by each letter in the word
S-U-R-V-I-V-A-L shown in figure 6-7.
SSize up the situation by consider-
ing yourself, the country, and the enemy.
When you think about yourself and your
group, hope for the best, but be prepared for the
worst. Recall what you have read about survival
and expect it to work. That will give you con-
fidence that you and your group can survive,
which will increase your chances for success. Get
to a safe, comfortable place as quickly as possi-
ble. Once you find a safe place, look at your situa-
tion, think, and form a plan. Your fear will lessen
while your confidence will increase. Be calm and
cautious until you know where you are and where
you are going.
Being in a strange country may cause part of
your fear. Therefore, try to determine where you
are by landmarks, by compass directions, or by
recalling intelligence information passed onto you
by your leaders.
Think about what moves the enemy might
make by putting yourself in the enemys shoes.
What would you do? Watch the enemys habits
and routines. Base your plans on your observa-
tions. Remember, you know where the enemy is,
but the enemy does not know where you are.
UUndue haste makes waste.
Dont be too eager to move. Acting hastily
makes you careless and impatient, causing you to
take unnecessary risks. Dont end up like the man
who rushed ahead without any plan. He tried to
travel at night but only injured himself by bump-
ing into trees and fences. Instead of lying low and
trying to evade the enemy, he fired at them with
his rifle and was caught. Dont lose your temper.
Loss of self-control may cause wrong thinking
and poor judgment. When something irritating