SAFETY AND SURVIVAL
Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
Identify the responsibilities of the division
safety petty officer.
Explain mishap prevention education and
Describe the three types of safety observations
and when to use them.
Describe the purpose of a job safety analysis.
Explain the purpose of the enlisted safety com-
Explain the Navys Occupational Safety and
Health (NAOSH) Program.
Identify the responsibilities of the Hazardous
Waste/Material petty officer.
Describe the safety precautions used when
working with industrial equipment and
Describe the types of respirators and their
Describe the Navys Hearing Conservation,
Noise Abatement, and Sight Protection
Describe the Navys Equipment Tag-Out
Program (tag-out log audit).
State the different types of survival situations
and the responsibility of the senior petty
State the methods of survival.
The object of the safety program is to
enhance operational readiness by reducing
the number of deaths and injuries to per-
sonnel and losses and damage to material
from accidental cause.
As a junior petty officer, your role in the com-
mand safety program involved practicing safe
work habits and reporting safety discrepancies to
your leading petty officer. As a senior petty of-
ficer, you still have these primary responsibilities;
however, you also have the task of ensuring that
your division is safety conscious.
Mishaps are unplanned events. However,
the potential for a mishap is predictable.
The event or sequence of events that lead
to an unplanned event can be anticipated
through safety awareness. Proper safety knowl-
edge and corrective action can prevent the
unplanned mishap. Since people cause mishaps,
such preventive actions must be directed at
Studies conducted by the National Safety
Council, based upon 60 years of data, reveal
that the basis of fundamental mishap preven-
tion is to eliminate the small mishap. A
definite relationship exists between mishaps
involving minor property damage or minor
injury and major damage or severe injury