Figure 7-2.-Billet slip.
following basic terms used to describe positions
within a formation:
ELEMENT: An individual, squad, section,
platoon, company, or other unit that is part of
a larger unit.
FORMATION: An arrangement of elements
in line, in column, or in any other prescribed
RANK or LINE: A formation of elements or
persons abreast or side by side.
FILE or COLUMN: A formation of elements
or persons placed one behind the other.
FLANK: The extreme right or left of a unit,
either in line or in column. The element on the
extreme right or left of the rank. A direction at
a right angle to the direction an element or a
formation is facing.
DISTANCE: Within ranks, the space between
the chest of one person and the back of the person
ahead. Distance between ranks is 40 inches.
INTERVAL: Normally, one arms length
measured between individuals from shoulder to
GUIDE: The individual on whom a formation
or element regulates its alignment. The guide is
usually positioned to the right.
PACE: The length of a full step (30 inches for
men and 24 inches for women).
Figure 7-3.-Basic formation.