planning involves the use of two defensive
1. IntelligenceIntelligence consists of infor-
mation obtained through threat assessment and
continuing contacts with the NIS or command
intelligence personnel. An organization must have
access to intelligence to prepare for or forestall
2. Target Hardening and Procedural Safe-
guardsTarget Hardening and Procedural Safe-
guards consist of security measures established to
protect critical and sensitive activity assets against
terrorist threats. An organizations safeguards
must present an increased cost and risk to
Additionally, each of us plays active roles
in safeguarding both property and personnel
against terrorism. We should constantly be
on guard against suspicious personnel, vehicles,
and materials around our work facilities.
We should report any suspicious personnel,
vehicles, or materials to the security depart-
Acts of terrorism directed at naval personnel,
activities, or installations have the potential to
destroy critical facilities and to injure or kill
personnel. They can also impair or delay command
missions and cause incalculable damage.
This chapter provided information on terrorist
methods, terrorist threat types, conditions, and
assessments. By understanding those elements of
terrorism, you are better prepared to assist in
safeguarding yourself, other personnel, installa-
tions, and equipment against terrorist activity.
Be on the lookout for suspicious personnel,
vehicles, and materials on and around your work
facility. Call the Security Office if anything
appears unusual or suspicious.
Department of the Navy Physical Security and
Loss Prevention, OPNAVINST 5530.14B, Chief
of Naval Operations, Washington, D.C., 1988.
Protection of DOD Personnel and Resources
Against Terrorist Acts, SECNAVINST 3850.1A,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D.C., 1982.