death when the resistance of the body is lowered
by moisture. Because of the above conditions,
extra care and awareness of this hazard are
Short circuits can be caused by placing or
dropping a metal tool, rule, flashlight case, or
other conducting articles across an energized line.
The arc and fire that result on even relatively
low-voltage circuits may cause extensive damage
to equipment and serious injury to personnel.
All live electric circuits must be treated as
potential hazards at all times.
You and your personnel should constantly be
on the alert for any indication of an equipment
malfunction. The senses of sight, hearing, smell,
and touch all serve to make a person aware of
possible electrical malfunctions. You should be
alert to following signs:
Unusual sound from an electric motor
Fire, smoke, sparks or arcing
Frayed or damaged cords or plugs
Receptacles, plugs, and cords that feel
warm to the touch
Slight shocks felt when handling electrical
Odor of burning or overheated insulation
Electrical equipment that either fails to
operate or operates irregularly
Electrical equipment that produces excessive
If you or your personnel notice any of the
above signs, report them immediately to the
electric shop supervisor. Do not delay. Do not
operate the equipment or attempt to make any
repairs yourself. Stand clear of any suspected
hazard, and instruct others to do likewise.
You should ensure that personnel working on
electrical circuits are provided with appropriate
rubber protective equipment as necessary. These
include rubber insulating gloves, sleeves, hoods,
blankets, and rubber floor matting.
Navy policy requires that all employees
(military and civilian) exposed to designated
occupational foot-hazardous operations or areas
be furnished appropriate safety shoes or boots at
government expense. Each activity commander
designates local foot-hazardous areas and specifies
the type of foot protection required. The
commander makes those designations based on
advice from the safety and health professionals
of the activitys safety office.
Foot-hazardous operations are those that have
a high incidence of, or potential for, foot or toe
Occupations involving construction,
materials handling, maintenance, transportation,
ship repair and operation, aircraft overhaul
and repair, and explosives manufacturing and
handling generally have a high incidence of foot
Safety shoes with built-in protective toe boxes
provide protection from heavy falling objects.
General-purpose safety shoes (chukka style) are
issued in boot camp and are available through
normal supply channels.
Helmets and hats are used for protection
against falling and flying objects and limited
electric shock and burns. They must meet
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
specification Z89.1-1981, Head Protection.
Helmets should be worn by Navy personnel
in all industrial environments. Warnings signs
should be posted in all places requiring the use
of hard hats.
Toxic Material Hazards
Supervisors have always been concerned with
the prevention of property damage and mishaps
causing injury to personnel. Now OSHA requires
supervisors to recognize and eliminate industrial
hazards by enforcing local regulations and federal
standards. Supervisors must be concerned with
hazards caused by combustible materials, flamma-
ble liquids, pollution, and toxic materials. They
also must be concerned with industrial-related
In the routine activity of running the work
center, supervisors should be able to identify
health hazards arising from production activities.
In some instances, they must survey the raw
materials and the by-products that may be