and search for additional survival knowledge.
Just as you must make your reactions to survival
situations automatic, so must the entire squad, platoon,
or other group that you might be a member of or be
leading. The best chance for survival belongs to the
group that works together and has a leader who accepts
responsibility for the group. When you are the senior
person, accept responsibility for your group by taking
steps to lead members to work together. Some actions
you can take include the following:
Organize group survival activities. Group
survival depends largely upon the organization of its
manpower. Organized action by group members who
know what to do and when to do it, during ordinary
circumstances and during a crisis, prevents panic.
Keeping the group informed, devising a plan, and
sticking to the plan helps achieve organization.
Assume command and establish a chain of
command that includes all members of the group.
Good leadership lessens panic, confusion, and
disorganization. Make certain each person knows his or
her position in the chain of command and is familiar
with the duties of every other person, especially your
duties as the senior member. Under no circumstances
leave leadership of the group to chance acceptance by
some member after a situation arises.
Maintain respect for your leadership by using it
wisely; be the leader and set the example. Group
survival is a test of effective leadership. Watch out for
problems that could turn into serious arguments. Keep
troublemakers from attracting undue attention, and
keep those who may crack up from disrupting the
group. Prevent carelessness caused by fatigue, hunger,
and cold. Know yourself and the members of your
group; take responsibility for each persons welfare.
Develop a feeling of mutual dependence within
the group by stressing that each person depends on
the others for survival. Emphasize that the group will
not leave the wounded or injured behindthat each
members responsibility is to make sure the group
returns intact. A feeling of mutual dependence fosters
high morale and unity. Each member receives support
and strength from the others.
Make the decisions no matter what the situation.
However, base your decisions on the information and
advice of other members of the groupmuch as
admirals make decisions based on input from their staff.
Above all else, never appear indecisive.
If situations require you to act immediately,
consider the facts and make decisions rapidly. The
ability to think on your feet usually determines
STRESS OF SURVIVAL
Survival is a state of mind. Your ability to return to
your group or to be rescued depends in a great part on
your ability to cope with frustrations. You may become
frustrated because you find you are unable to
accomplish specific tasks. Perhaps you are hungry, cold,
lost, injured, or lack the proper equipment. Being able to
improvise equipment, care for your physical needs, and
provide first aid for your injuries will help you to control
your environment, reactions, and emotions. Dont be
afraid to experiment and use your imagination. A
logical experimental approach is the best way to solve
Remember the following rules:
1. Almost everything is usefuldont throw away
2. You can be lazier than you would expect, if you
just think. The least effort can be the most
3. Everything you do should be oriented toward
4. If your surrounding conditions dont suit your
needs, do what you can to change them.
As a member of the armed forces, you always face
the chance of being exposed to conditions that can force
you into a life-or-death struggle. However, you can
remain alive anywhere in the world when you keep your
wits. Remember that nature and the elements are neither
your friend nor your enemy. By using your wits, you can
make them work for you instead of allowing them to
work against you.