Q3. What are battleships names after?
Q4. Name the two basic classes of cruisers.
Q5. For protection, the destroyer depends on their
_____________ and _____________.
Q6. What class of ship was developed for the purpose
of open ocean escort and patrol?
Q7. Name the two classes of submarines.
Q8. What class of ship is used to land large numbers
of personnel, equipment, and supplies on enemy
Todays fleet is highly mobile and can respond to an
area of conflict quickly. However, its ships cannot
remain on station indefinitely. There must be a means of
resupply and repair. The auxiliary ships of todays fleet
are the lifeline to the combatant force. These ships keep
the fleet operating by furnishing vital supplies and
repair facilities. They can deliver such items as fuel,
food, ammunition, and repair parts.
The types of ships in the auxiliary force range from
fast combat support ships (AOEs) to rescue and salvage
ships (ARSs). The type of service an auxiliary provides
determines its classification. The initial letter in each
designation is the letter A. The second and subsequent
letter indicates the service it performs. An AE indicates
an ammunition (explosives) supply ship, while an AO is
an oiler. These types of ships do not always receive the
level of publicity a carrier or cruiser might receive, but
they fight and work just as hard in times of emergency.
Certain classes of auxiliaries have the capability to
function in many roles. An AOE is capable of supplying
not only fuel and ammunition but can supply dry stores
and refrigerated stores.
R E P L E N I S H M E N T- AT- S E A
S H I P S .
Replenishment at sea is the term applied to the transfer
of fuel, munitions, supplies, and personnel from one
vessel to another while ships are under way. During
World War II, replenishment at sea (fig. 8-32) was
developed to a fine art of seamanship, which is taken as a
matter of course today.
Replenishment at sea is accomplished with both the
replenishment ship and the ship(s) being replenished
steaming side by side on parallel courses at a
predetermined speed. In most cases, the replenishment
ship maintains its course and speed while the other
ship(s) maneuver(s) into position alongside. A
separation of about 100 feet is maintained between
ships, with the replenishing ship frequently serving
ships both to port and starboard. Messenger lines are
passed to the receiving ships, which send back
telephone and distance measuring lines and then haul
over cargo-handling gear or fuel hoses by means of the